What Is Soya Made Of?
Soybean is a widely grown legume crop that has been cultivated for thousands of years. It is an important source of protein for vegetarians and vegans. Also used in industrial products such as biodiesel fuel, paper, and textiles.
The Components of Soy
Soybeans are composed of several components, including protein, carbohydrates, and fat. Approximately 38% of the soybean is protein, making it a valuable source of plant-based protein. It is considered a complete protein as it contains all the essential amino acids that the body needs.
The carbohydrate content of soybeans is around 30%, with most of it in the form of complex carbohydrates such as oligosaccharides and polysaccharides. These carbohydrates are not easily digested by humans and can cause flatulence and bloating. Therefore, some soy products, such as tofu and tempeh, are fermented to break down these complex carbohydrates, making them easier to digest.
The fat content of soybeans is around 18%, with most of it in the form of polyunsaturated fats, such as linoleic and linolenic acids. Soybeans are also rich in phytosterols, which are plant compounds that have cholesterol-lowering properties.
Soybeans are a nutrient-dense food, meaning they are rich in nutrients but relatively low in calories. They are an excellent source of protein, fiber, iron, calcium, and vitamins B6 and B12. Rich in antioxidants, which protect the body from free radicals that can cause cellular damage.
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